What is Grammar?


Grammar šŸ“’

Grammar is the system of a language. People sometimes describe grammar as the “rules” of a language; but in fact no language has rules*. If we use the word “rules”, we suggest that somebody created the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages started by people making sounds which evolved into words, phrases and sentences. No commonly-spoken language is fixed. All languages change over time. What we call “grammar” is simply a reflection of a language at a particular time.

Do we need to study grammar to learn a language? The short answer is “no”. Very many people in the world speak their own, native language without having studied its grammar. Children start to speak before they even know the word “grammar”. But if you are serious about learning a foreign language, the long answer is “yes, grammar can help you to learn a language more quickly and more efficiently.” It’s important to think of grammar as something that can help you, like a friend. When you understand the grammar (or system) of a language, you can understand many things yourself, without having to ask a teacher or look in a book.


So think of grammar as something good, something positive, something that you can use to find your way – like a signpost or a map.


*Except invented languages like Esperanto. And if Esperanto were widely spoken, its rules would soon be very different.


Grammar is the way we arrange words to make proper sentences.Ā Word level grammarĀ covers verbs and tenses, nouns, adverbs etc.Ā Sentence level grammarĀ covers phrases, clauses, reported speech, etc.

Word-level Grammar

9 Parts of Speech

These are the words that you use to make a sentence.VerbsĀ andĀ Verb Tenses
Action verbs, express what is happeningĀ (do, work). State verbs express a situationĀ (be, have).


Nouns represent peopleĀ (teacher, Mary), placesĀ (town, Asia)Ā and thingsĀ (table, music).

An adjective is a word that tells us more about a nounĀ (big, red, expensive).


Adverbs tell us more about verbs, adjectives or adverbs (loudly, really, extremely).Determiners
Determiners are words likeĀ the,Ā an,Ā thisĀ that start a noun phrase.


A preposition expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another wordĀ (at, in, from).


Pronouns are small words likeĀ you, ours, someĀ that can take the place of a noun.

Conjunctions join two parts of a sentenceĀ (and, but, though).


Short exclamations with no real grammatical valueĀ (ah, dear, er)



Related Posts

Breaking Language Barriers: Insights from ‘Mind Your Language’ for ESL Learners

Advertisements Embarking on the journey to learn English as a second language (ESL) can feel like navigating a labyrinth of linguistic challenges. Fortunately, the classic British sitcom…

Language Lessons from the Classics: What ‘Mind Your Language’ Teaches Us About English

Advertisements In the realm of language learning, there are timeless classics that not only entertain but also impart valuable lessons. One such classic is the British sitcom…

Lost in Translation: Learning English with Reference to ‘Mind Your Language’

Advertisements Learning a new language can be a daunting task, filled with challenges and cultural nuances that can leave even the most enthusiastic learners feeling lost in…

letter blocks

Mastering English: A Step-by-Step Guide for Second Language Learners

Advertisements Learning English as a second language is a journey that opens doors to countless opportunities for personal and professional growth. Whether you are a beginner or…

how to learn grammar step by step

Practical Tips To Improve Your English Writing

Advertisements In this lesson we have got some very practical tips to help you improve your English writing skills, so stay tuned! Before go anywhere in this…

how to learn grammar step by step

What Are Adjectives And How To Arrange Them In A Sentence?

Advertisements I) What Are Adjectives? Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words, making your writing and speaking much more specific, and a whole lot more…

which part was your favorite